International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering(IJEREEE)

Monthly Journal for Electrical and Electronic Engineering

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Volume4 ,December 2017.

Volume4,December 2017,

Topic : Intelligent Energy Control Center for Distributed Generators Using Multi-Agent System

Authors:K.C.Ramakrishnan || B.V.N. Bharathi

Abstract:This paper presents the modeling of intelligent energy control center (ECC) controlling distributed generators (DGs) using multi- agent system. Multi-agent system has been proposed to provide intelligent energy control and management in grids because of their benefits of extensibility, autonomy, reduced maintenance, etc. The multi -agent system constituting the smart grid and agents such as user agent, control agent, database agent, distributed energy resources (DER) agent work in collaboration to perform assigned tasks. The wind power generator connected with local load, the solar power connected with local load and the ECC controlled by fuzzy logic controller (FLC) are simulated in MATLAB/SIMULINK. The DER model is created in client and ECC is created in server. Communication between the server and the client is established using transmission control protocol/in- ternet protocol (TCP/IP). The results indicate that the controlling of DER agent can be achieved both from server and client..

Keywords: Distributed energy resources (DER) and trans-mission control protocol/internet protocol (TCP/IP), distributed generators (DGs), energy control center (ECC), fuzzy logic con-troller (FLC). I. INTRODUCTION An economical and efficient electric power system is a vital component of a nation's economy. The demand for electrical energy is ever increasing. Today over 21% of the total electrical energy generated in India is lost in transmission (4%–6%) and distribution (15%–18%). It is possible to bring down the distribution losses with the help of newer technolo-gies in the electrical power sector, which will enable better monitoring and control. Distribution losses can be reduced, if the DER is connected near the load end. The smooth operation of a power system requires a control ar-chitecture that consists of hardware and software protocols for exchanging system status and control signals. This is accom-plished by supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems [1], [21]. A smart grid is an intelligent grid that inte-grates advanced sensing technologies, controls and communi- cates with current electricity grid at transmission and distribu-tion levels [2], [15]. Later, multi-agent system is utilized as an application development tool that enables system integrators to create sophisticated supervisory and control applications for a variety of technological domains, mainly in the power industry [1], [12], [16]. Multi-agent system offers various advantages over the SCADA system by the implementation of an intelligent grid [4], [9], [22]. Modeling the power distribution management process focusing on outage management has been elaborated by Hammer in [10]. Planning for distributed generation and securing SCADA system is described by Roger in [11]. In-telligent Distributed Autonomous Power System is given

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DOI: 01.1617/vol4/iss12/pid79814

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Dr.Krzysztof Chwastek
Associate Professor,
Czestochowa University of Technology, Polland.

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ISSN(Online): 2395-2717

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Thomson Reuters ID : q-6288-2016.
ORCiD Research ID : 0000-0001-9540-6799

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Journal Code : IJEREEE
Electronic ISSN : 2395-2717
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