Author : Kiran Abhishek K 1
Date of Publication :10th May 2017
Abstract: This electronic document is a “live” template and already defines the components of your paper [title, text, heads, etc.] in its style sheet. The interconnection of small modular devices such as photovoltaic, small wind turbines and storage devices, commonly storage batteries to a Low Voltage distribution system leads to a new energy system known as the Microgrid. This project presents the modeling and operation of microgrid with wind and photovoltaic resources. With the help of IOT, the amount of generated power can be observed. Switching circuit acts a control over the load, transmits the required amount of power according to the load requirement. Later the switch will turn off the power supply when there is a shut down. Batteries are used to store the energy. Transformers are used for transmitting the power to distribution. As there are 1 phase & 3 phase requirements, power is supplied accordingly. Initially voltage is maintained at 230v for the residential purpose. For the Industrial and Commercial purpose, the power is either supplied directly or stepped up with a help of a transformer. LDR circuits are used as a sensor to avoid further damage caused by fire during the power generation. LDR are used as a protective device for the circuit. Microcontroller receives all the information from the different devices and controls the circuit. Due to high demands of the load from different direction, switches acts as a controlling circuit to avoid the traffic and supplies the required amount of power accordingly. IOT will update all the information regarding the requirement and amount of power transmitted. LCD will display the amount of energy generated and stored in batteries, and also will display the generated voltage status from Wind & Solar. Regulators are used for the constant flow of charges from the batteries.
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