Open Access Journal

ISSN : 2394-2320 (Online)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Computer Science and Engineering (IJERCSE)

Monthly Journal for Computer Science and Engineering

Open Access Journal

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering(IJEREEE)

Monthly Journal for Electrical and Electronic Engineering

ISSN : 2395-2717 (Online)

Call For Paper : Vol. 9, Issue 1 2022
Optimal PID Controller Parameters Tuning of Ball and Beam System

Author : R.Monika 1 R.Dhanasekar 2 A.Jagadeesan 3 M.Kalayarasi 4 S.Monisa 5

Date of Publication :16th January 2018

Abstract: Ball and Beam System (BABS) is a nonlinear and also an unstable system specially designed for understanding various control problems. The Proportional Integral and Derivative (PID) controller is mostly used to stabilize the ball on the beam. Initially, the PID controller is designed using Skogestad Internal Model Control (SIMC) tuning method for stabilizing the ball at the specified position on the beam. The behaviour of the BABS is based on the parameters of PID controller. The parameters of PID controller are optimized using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) for improving the performance of the ball and beam system. The settling time is used as a performance criterion for optimization. The simulation results show that the PSO based PID controller gives better performance when compared to the SIMC based PID controller of BABS.

Reference :

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    1. Peter Wellstead, “Ball and Beam 1: Basics”, http :// www.control systemspriciples.co.uk /whitepapers /ball -and- beam1.
    2. “Ball & Beam: system modeling‟, www.ctms.engin.umich.edu
    3. Farhan A. Salem, “Mechatronics Design of Ball and Beam System: Education and Reaearch,” Control Theory and Informatics, vol 3, no.4, pp 1-26, 2013.
    4. K.Krishnaswamy, “Process Control,” New Age International Pvt Ltd Publishers, 2009.
    5. AbdulrahmanA.A.Emhemed, “Fuzzy Control for Nonlinear Ball and Beam System,” International Journal of Fuzzy Logic Systems, vol. 3, no. 1, pp 25- 32, January 2013.
    6. Wen Yu, “Nonlinear PD Regulation for Ball and Beam system,” International Journal of Electrical Engineering Education, vol.46, no.1, 2009.
    7. Sigurd Skogestad, “Probably the best simple PID tuning rules in the world,”submitted to Journal of Process Control, September 2001.
    8. Sigurd Skogestad, “Simple analytic rules for model reduction and PID controller tuning,” Journal of Process Control, vol 13, pp 291-309, 2003.
    9. S.Sathiyavathi and K.Krishnamoorthy, “PID control of ball and beam system- A real time experimentation,” Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, vol. 72, pp 481-484, August 2013.
    10. John Hauser, Shankar Sastry and Petar Kokotovic, “Nonlinear Control Via Approximate Input-Output Linearization: The Ball and Beam Example,” IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, vol 37, no.3, pp 392-398, March 1992.

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